The Department is home to a vibrant community of postgraduate students, working on a wide variety of topics within the discipline. Find out more about our research students.
Amer Fawwaz (Malaysia)
MA Project Title: Military Strategies and Tactics: A Comparative Study between the First and Second Communist Emergency in Malaysia
Research Abstract: The Communist Insurgency has been one of the defining moment of Malaysian history that should not be forgotten by future generations. I have selected this as my research topic as my preliminary research has found that the existing literature on the subject is fairly limited, especially ones focusing on the Second Emergency Period, while one also faces difficulties in accessing primary sources on the subject. This research encompasses both the First (1948 to 1960) and Second (1968 to 1989) Malayan/Malaysian Emergency, covering the period both prior and following the formation of Malaysia as a sovereign nation state. The primary focus of this research is to analyse the various military strategies and tactics used by the Malayan/Malaysian Security Forces during this period. As part of the analysis the following areas are covered by this research: jungle warfare tactics, counterinsurgency operations, the Search and Destroy operations aiming to neutralise the Communist Part of Malaya (CPM) forces in jungle areas, the armament of Malaysian security forces, the Psychological Warfare programmes and others relevant operations. By its conclusion this research aims to explore how these operations contributed to the successful defeat of the CPM leading to the closure to the Communist insurgency in 1989.
Supervisors: Dr. Roy Anthony Rogers and Dr. K. S. Balakrishnan
2013 – Bachelor of Public Management (First Class Honours), University Utara Malaysia (UUM)
2009 – Diploma in Public Administration, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Serawak Campus
2016 – Recipient of MY BRAIN 15 SCHOLARSHIP, Ministry of Education.
2014 – The Recipient of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic and International) Award Universiti Utara Malaysia for UUM 27th Convocation.
Azman Ayob (Malaysia)
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- India’s Myanmar Relations/Policy
- Malaysia’s Myanmar Relations/Policy
Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr. Jatswan Singh
- 2002 – Master of Arts (MA) in Security and Policy Analysis, National University of Malaysia (UKM).
- 1997 – Bachelor of Human Sciences (B.Hsc. Hons.) in Political Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM).
- “Myanmar in India's Intertwined Idealism - Realism Foreign Policy: A "Modified Structuralism" Perspective,” Journal of Management Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, Macrothink Institute, USA, 2015.
- “Moralistic Politics Versus Realpolitik in India-Myanmar Relations,” Proceeding paper, 5th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2013), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, 11-13 December 2013.
- “Malaysia and Myanmar Relations: Should Malaysia Take Some Extra Miles In Engaging Myanmar?,” Proceeding paper, 4th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2011), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, 6-7 December 2011.
- “Good Civil-Military Relations in Malaysia: Contributory Factors,” Journal of Media And Information Warfare (CMIWS), Vol. 2, Uitm Press, 2010.
- 2015 - Fellow, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Advanced Study (JNIAS), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, India.
- 2009 - Fulbright Study on US Institute (SUSI) in American Politics and Political Thoughts, Massachusetts University (UMASS), Amherst, USA.
Balazs Szanto (Hungary)
PhD Project Title: The Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands Dispute: China’s Foreign Policy Options and Their Implications from a Rational Choice Perspective
Research Abstract: Since 2012 a significant escalation in tension between China and Japan can be observed on the East China Sea, accompanied by the increasing militarization of the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands Dispute, as the focal point of Sino-Japanese animosity. Despite the growing risk of an armed confrontation between the two major regional military powers (intentionally or accidentally), the security aspects have received limited attention within the academic literature dealing with the dispute. Approaching it from a realist perspective, this research seeks to analyse the security implications of the dispute, primarily focusing on analysing China’s potential course of action under the current circumstances. As its core mechanic this research adopts a rational choice model. The goal is to compare and contrast the various military and non-military courses of actions potentially available to China, to determine their respective utility, and thus to chart China’s likely course of action as a rational agent within the framework of the dispute. The two key questions are whether there is a feasible, high utility non-military course of action available to China, and whether a military confrontation over the Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands is a likely outcome. These question have significant implications for regional security planning in general, and for Japan’s security policy in particular.
- Chinese and Japanese Defence Policy
- Maritime Disputes in Northeast and Southeast Asia
Supervisors: Dr. K. S. Balakrishnan and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Jatswan Singh
2011 – Master of Arts in International Politics (Critical Geopolitics), University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
2010 – Bachelor in International Affairs Management (First Class Honours), Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM)
Ezuwan Hassan (Malaysia)
MA Project Title: Malaysia’s Global Movement of the Moderates (GMM): An Analysis
Research Abstract: My research seeks to provide understanding of this new global movement mooted by Malaysia during the United Nations General Assembly in September 2010. It also seeks to provide a better understanding and definition on the term ‘moderation’ and whether Malaysia benefits from and can be regarded as a ‘middle power’ in this region with the international community’s support on GMM. It will also provide an analysis, and retrospective on the challenges faced by Malaysia since the inception of the GMM, including its effectiveness in view of the rise of extremism and terrorism regionally and worldwide. This includes the rise of the terrorist organization known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (al Sham) better known by the acronym ISIS.
- Malaysian Politics and International Relations
- Global Moderate Movement and Normative Approach to Politics
Supervisor: Dr. Helena Varkkey
2006 – Certificate in Diplomacy, Institute of Diplomacy & Foreign Relations, Malaysia
2003 – Post-Graduate Diploma in Public Administration, Institute of Public Administration, Malaysia
2002 – Bachelor of Human Science (Honours) Political Science & Islamic Revealed Knowledge, International Islamic University of Malaysia
2012 – Special Functions Officer (International Relations, Security & Civil Service) to the Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia
2010 – Principal Assistant Secretary, (United Nations, Commonwealth, Non-Aligned Movement & Langkawi International Dialogue), Department of Multilateral Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wisma Putra.
2008-2009 – Malaysian Long Term Delegate, 63rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, New York, United States of America.
2007 – First Secretary/Head of Chancery, High Commission of Malaysia, Colombo, Sri Lanka
2003 – Assistant Secretary, Policy Planning Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wisma Putra.
Advisor to President of the Commonwealth Association for Public Administration & Management (CAPAM).
Member of Association of Administrative and Diplomatic Service (PPTD)
Izni B. Razak (Malaysia)
Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
PhD Research Title: Towards ASEAN Security Community: ASEAN Counter-terrorism Efforts and its Impact on Community Building in SEA.
Research Abstract: This study seeks to describe the current status of ASEAN Security community by analyzing the extent and perception of ASEAN collective identity, which is essential for the formation of ASC. It seeks to examine the relevance of ASEAN norms codified in the ASEAN Way in community building by examining the unified threat perception, the adherence to non-interference policy and frequencies and degrees of functional cooperation of the ASEAN states in their counter-terrorism efforts.
Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr. Jatswan Singh
Bachelor of Human Sciences in Political Sciences (First Class Honours), International Islamic University Malaysia.
Masters of Human Sciences in Political Sciences (First Class Honours), International Islamic University Malaysia.
2002-2006 – Multiple Dean’s List Awards, awarded by Dean, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, Certificate of Excellence, 2003 awarded by Deputy Rector (Academic Affairs), IIUM.
2005 – Certificate of Excellence, 2005 awarded by Deputy Rector (Academic Affairs), IIUM.
2005 – SLAI Scholarship
Academic staff, Department of Political Science, International Islamic University Malaysia
Jamaluddin Syakirin (Indonesia)
MA Research Title: Modernization of Malaysian Navy and Its Impact on Malaysia’s National Security
Research Abstract: Naval modernization is one of military development priorities in recent days. Many countries continue to focus on weapons acquisition and development programs. Programs of interest include expanding inventories of existing weapons systems and increasingly sophisticated systems. The emergent missions and roles of navies in the relative peacetime contexts have substantially modified the traditional paradigm of naval power and maritime strategy. The emergent benign roles of cooperative maritime strategy evident in joint exercises, interoperable missions, and constabulary roles in humanitarian missions have significantly complemented the still prevalent and traditional coercive and compellence missions of navies.
Navy, as a branch of armed forces entity in a sovereign state, has it owns specification in term of function. Many concentrations are given to army and air force. In spite of that, the effort of analysis on policy implementation to develop navy as an element of defence system which is modernize in recent years in Malaysia have yet been fully researched.
Malaysia’s defense modernization is broad reaching, encompassing the transformation of virtually all aspects of the military establishment, to include weapon systems, operational doctrine, institution building, and personnel reforms. However, Malaysia’s security still faces challenges that must not be neglected. The growing interconnections between domestic and international factors and interconnected traditional and non-traditional factors have made maintaining national security a more challenging task.
Supervisor: Associate Prof. Dr. Jatswan Singh
2002/2009 – S.IP (BA), International Relations – Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2011 – JASSO Scholarship – Spring Semester Student Exchange Program, Akita International University, Japan
Murali T. C. T. Vytheswaran (Malaysia)
PhD Research Title: A Difference in Leadership Diplomacy: Malaysia-Indonesia 1962-1967
Research Abstract: The research work is mainly about leadership diplomacy between Malaysia and Indonesia at that point of period when the cold war in Southeast Asia was at the peak and how two leaders, Tunku Abdul Rahman and Sukarno manipulated policies to keep their nation afloat. Cold War was looming in Southeast Asia and the midst of new nation states changing their destiny after being at the grab of the colonialism yoke. Early 1950s, saw young nation states were working hard to achieve their independence. Some took the rightist road, well some experienced the revolutionary environment but one or two nation could negotiate and got their way out from the western colonial grip. Nation states and the values of independency and diplomacy depended well on leadership qualities. As such during the 1960s until the end of 1970s, two nation states with same values and cultural background has created an ideal venue for being the land of proxies for the spread of cold war. Two nation states, ideally known the nations of Nusantara Melayu came head on with a diplomatic clash, when they differed and contradicted their values.
Looking at the geographical point of view, Nusantara Melayu became test ground for cold war in Southeast Asia. The whole archipelago came directly or indirectly under the influence of Super Powers. Difference in ideological sphere of influence, had an impact of the values exhibited by the leaders of the two nation states. As such nationalism became the key mantras for several nation states. President Sukarno was looking forward to exerting his influence among the Nusantara States. He was a person of historical values. In fact, he clearly stated his views, thoughts and ideological mind-set based on authentic values thus creating a notion of hegemony theories. Besides, Premier Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj believed in practicing a profound International Diplomacy. When leadership cultures, values and thoughts differed, it evolves a gargantuan impression of diplomatic wrangling. It has generated enough problems for two nation states but also paved sufficient opportunities for the super powers to exert their influence, considering the geographical factors.
Supervisors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Jatswan Singh and Dr. Roy Anthony Rogers
2002 – Master of Arts (Diplomatic History), Universiti Sains Malaysia
1993 – Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Political Science and History, Universiti Sains Malaysia
1983 – Certificate in Teaching (Major in Teaching English as a Second Language), Maktab Perguruan Mohd. Khalid, Johor Bahru
- V.Murali Tharan, Konfrontasi Between Malaysia-Indonesia As An International Issue at the United Nations Security Council (Penang: USM,2002).
- V.Murali Tharan, Malaysian Diplomacy in Southeast Asia (under publication-MPH).
- V.Murali Tharan, Education Philosophy and Literature: A Paradigm Shift for Human Capitol (co-authored by Dr Chameline-under publication).
- Asas Kepimpinan Dan Perkembangan Profesional Guru (Sungai Petani, Percetakan Peladang, 2014).
- Konfrontasi: As An International Issue At United Nations Security Council, UKM Bangi, October 2012.
- E-Prac: A Paradigm Shift in Teacher Training Programmes, National Covention (KIK), 8-9 Ogos 2012, Bangi).
- Recharging Human Capitol: A Paradigm Shift, Educational and Innovational Seminar, IPG Kampus Perempuan Melayu, Melaka. 5-7 May 2010.
2008-2013: Head of Unit for Philosophy of Education and Lecturer, Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia, Kampus Rajang, 96509, Bintangor, Sarawak
2008-to present – Part-Time Tutor, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sibu Jaya, Sibu
2002 – Part-Time Tutor, Open University of Malaysia
2002-2008 – Part-Time Tutor, Universiti Sains Malaysia
1994-2007 – Officer of Educational Services, SMJK Sin Min, Sungai Petani, kedah
1992-1993 – Officer of Educational Services, SK Patani Para, Sg. Petani, Kedah
1990-1991 – Officer of Educational Services, SK Bukit Lintang, Kota Tinggi, Johor
Norshela Zakariah (Malaysia)
PhD Research Title: Narratives and Stories of the Rohingya in Klang Valley: An In-depth Study on Security Threats and its Consequences on Local Community.
Research Abstract: I have studies Psychology for my first degree but then I have switch to Political Sciences for Master’s degree. Since then, I had a keen interest in the research areas of refugee studies, security studies, and human behavior. Following the submission of my Master’s dissertation, I had the opportunity to work with UNHCR. My job involves the interviewing of illegal immigrants, investigate and report their situations, and make recommendations on whether to grant them asylum. Having gained hands-on experience with the process, I have noticed the existence of numerous loopholes within the operating procedures in UNHCR, defective procedures with the Immigration Department, and how the influx of refugees is slowly affecting Malaysia’s security in general. Therefore, my PhD thesis seeks to explore how behavior of Rohingya Refugees settled in Klang Valley imposes negative effects on Malaysian society as a whole. While humanitarian assistant is important, the need of the local population has to enjoy a clear priority
Supervisors: Dr. Helena Varkkey and Dr. Roy Anthony Rogers
2014 – International Masters in Regional Integration, Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya
2013 – Bachelor Degree in Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Malaysia
2015 – Tenaga Pengajar Muda, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM)
2011 – NewStraitsTimes Young Writer’s Award
2013-2014: Protection Assistant at UNHCR Kuala Lumpur
2013: Internship with Kwah Dao- Burmese Refugees Project (NGO’s) in Mae Hong Son, Thailand
2010-2013: Humanitarian worker, Mercy Malaysia
Reserve Officer Training Unit (ROTU) Air Force, Second Lieutenant, Malaysia
Sabah Carrim (Mauritius)
Ph.D Project Title: Beyond the Formula of the Trial: the Inadequacies of trying “Senior Leaders” and Individuals “Most Responsible” in Internationalised Tribunals.
Research Abstract: My thesis seeks to analyse the current formula deployed in dealing with atrocities, war crimes, perpetrators and war criminals—the trial. My focus will be primarily on the ECCC (Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia), while references to other tribunals will be made to support my arguments. My thesis has four objectives: Firstly it seeks to trace the rationale behind, as well as the repercussions of limiting the jurisdiction of such trials to “senior leaders” and individuals “most responsible”. Secondly, it analyses the inadequacies of the trial formula in terms of its truth-seeking objective, its didactic value, the repairs it promises to victims, and the level of engagement it encourages (or discourages) in terms of its outreach strategy. Thirdly, it explores the nuances and substitutes used instead of the trial, and assesses their advantages and limitations. Fourthly, it suggests that while the move towards setting up hybrid tribunals is indeed laudable from the perspective of postcolonial theory, there are many elements that bar the possibility of justice. This research is primarily qualitative, guided by Foucauldian discourse, Realist Theory and Postcolonial theory.
Supervisors: Associate Professor Dr. Jatswan Singh and Dr. Muhammad Danial Azman
2005 – Master of Laws, University of Malaya.
2003 – LL.B (Honours) University of London.
- CARRIM, S. (2015) Semi-Apes. Malaysia: 108 Publishing.
- CARRIM, S. (2012) Humeirah. Malaysia: 108 Publishing.
- CARRIM, S. “An Encounter with Nietzsche,” Pennsylvania Literary Journal, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2014, pp. 71-82.
- CARRIM, S. “Beauty and Eroticism in Mishima's The Temple of the Golden Pavilion,” in McNamara, S. (ed.), Re(Possessing Beauty): Politics, Poetics and Change, Oxford: Interdisciplinary Press., 2014.
- CARRIM, S. “War Crimes Tribunal in Kuala Lumpur: Judicial Biasness,” Current Law Journal, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2014, pp. 44-56.
- CARRIM, S. “Why I write,” Journal of Creativity and Human Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, pp. 4-6.
- CARRIM, S. “Jury Trials: From the Tossing of a Coin to the Ouija Board and now to Facebook,” Brickfields Law Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2012, pp. 27-30.
- CARRIM, S. Diversifying to Unify: Using Literature and Visual Arts to Teach Law,” in: Tan, S. B (ed.) The Convergence of the Performing and Creative Arts, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia Publications, 2012.
2011-2015 – Lecturer, Law, Brickfields Asia College, Malaysia
2008-2010 – Lecturer, Law, KDU University College, Malaysia
2006-2008 – Lecturer, Law, University of Technology, Mauritius
Sheila Mathivathani Arianayagam (Malaysia)
MA Research Title: International Human Rights Norms and the Issue of State-Induced Forced Labour in Myanmar
Research Abstract: My research is devoted to the study of human rights, an integral part of mankind’s existence in this modern world. My interest in this area led me to delve deeper into analyzing the intricacies of the subject matter following society’s shift in its perspectives regarding the rights accorded to a person. Sovereignty could no longer be used as an excuse to conduct state affairs in a manner that completely disregarded human rights.
However, the changing scenario was not without its problems. Despite its growing importance, human rights is increasingly being ignored in certain countries. Although these countries were signatories to the many laws and conventions governing human rights, the level of acceptance and implementation of these tenets remain at best minimal. Their leaders convey willingness to submit to legislations promoting human rights while concealing their actual intentions. These promises of change continued to exist as pure rhetoric. At the same time, parallel to these behavioral attitudes, there are leaders that enthusiastically embrace the principles of human rights. These leaders project a positive outlook to adapting to the new environment and are more pliable to conforming to universal norms.
In my research, I used the spiral model of human rights change to study the developments in Myanmar’s labour rights, focusing specifically on the oil and gas and tourism industries. Although the country was a signatory to the international convention on forced labour, the practise had been widely employed until recent times. My research also looked into the influence of the transnational advocacy network in compelling Myanmar to comply with the forced labour conventions it had earlier ratified. The progress achieved by this country in its efforts to eradicate forced labour was largely due to the tireless efforts of the advocacy network that closely cooperated with Myanmar’s domestic activists.
Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr. Jatswan Singh
2015 - Master of Arts (by research) in International and Strategic Studies, University of Malaya
2000 - Accounting and Cost and Management Accounting, Level 3, Pitman Qualifications
2000 - Third Level Group Diploma in Accounting, London Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI)
1999 - Book Keeping and Accounts – Second Level, London Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI)
1998 - Bachelor of Arts in International Studies, Honors, Second Class Upper, University of Malaya
(Co-authored), ‘Modern Slavery: State-Induced Labour in Myanmar (Burma) and Reactions from the International Community’, Malaysian Journal of International Relations, Vol. 1, December 2013
‘State-Induced Forced Labour in Myanmar (Burma) and Responses from the International Community,’ 5th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2013), University of Malaya
International Well Control Forum (IWCF)
Sheila Devi Michael (Malaysia)
PhD Title: Non-Traditional Security Concerns in Malaysia: The Securitisation of Human Trafficking
Research Abstract: Human trafficking is a grave transnational organised crime which has been outstandingly on the rise for the past two decades. With increasing global and security concern, human trafficking has stirred up many actors at international as well as at state level to play vital role in curbing this crime. The research on the events of human trafficking in Malaysia the efforts to combat this crime in the country by state and non-state actors is significant for national interest, to protect the sovereignty of the country and the human rights of the people who fall easily as victims into the hands of inhuman traffickers. Malaysia is identified as a country of origin besides a lucrative destination and transit country for traffickers to transport their victims. Concurrently, internal trafficking also occurs in Malaysia.
Human trafficking is reported to be the second profitable business after drug cartel. Human trafficking is an illicit clandestine movement and the nature of this crime imposes numerous security challenges to a state and its people. The security of the people is poignant and human security is the vital core of humanity by enhancing human freedoms and human fulfilment. Human trafficking violates the freedom of a person and it is against human rights. The Malaysian government in collaboration with its agencies have responded by outlining a National Action Plan against Trafficking in Persons (2010-2015) as a preventive measure. With numerous efforts to curb human trafficking, perpetrators are still motivated by the high profits from this lucrative business of trafficking people. The push and pull factors are determinants for such an illegal activity to operate globally. People become a prey easily due to circumstances and many are trafficked without their knowledge as human trafficking has many forms and the modus operandi vary from countries and destinations. Besides, it has negative impact on the socio-economics and politics of a country. Therefore, creating awareness through education system, media and social network may prevent men, women and children from involving in situations that may lead to human trafficking and eventually becoming a victim.
Supervisors: Associate Professor Dr. Jatswan Singh and Professor Dato’ Paduka Mohamad Abu Bakar
2000 – Bachelor of Arts (Honours), 2nd Upper Class in English and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia
2004 – Master of Management, International Islamic University of Malaysia
2001-2003 – Instructional Designer, Research & Development Division, Educational Trend Sdn Bhd
2004-2005 – Producer, Conferences & Training, Marcus Evans KL.
2006-2007 – Regional Manager (Asia), Davos Management Institute
2008-2009 – Assistant Manager, Corporate Communication, Corporate Services Department, Bolton Berhad
- ‘Human Trafficking in Malaysia: Trends and Challenges at Global Conference on Business’, Economics and Social Sciences Research (GBSR 2013), 25-26 June 2013, Dynasty Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
‘Human Trafficking in Malaysia: The Response of the Malaysian Government’, 5th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2013), 11-13 December 2013, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, University Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.