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Selamat Datang, welcome to the Department of International and Strategic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya (UM). It is my pleasure in welcoming all students of the Department both undergraduate and post-graduate. The Department of International and Strategic Studies is alma mater to many of the country's well known personalities and foreign dignitaries. The Department is also ranked as among the nation's top department in International Relations and Strategic Studies. I hope students will find the learning environment in the Department is conducive for intellectual development. I hope students will make full use of the available facilities and resources to enrich themselves intellectually and professionally. May I congratulate you and wish you all great success in your undertaking.

With all best wishes
Department of International and Strategic Studies 
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
University of Malaya

Tel: +6(03) 79675482/5480/5481
Fax: +6(03) 79675483
Email: rarogers@um.edu.my



International Relations is a distinct discipline which draws on diplomatic history, political theory, political economy, political science and international law to provide its own theoretical perspectives to explain conflict and co-operation in the modern world. This enables students to assess developments in the international system and specific geographical regions. They explore issues such as the origins of war and peace, the making of foreign policy, trade regimes, international terrorism, military alliances, and the interaction of political and economic development. Students also analyse the ways in which states relate to other international actors, and develop normative theories that relate the world as it is to the world as it might be.

The discipline of International Relations was first introduced to the University of Malaya in the 1970’s under the Department of History. Due to an increase in demand for this discipline, in 1992, the International Studies Programme (ISP) was established under the auspices of the Dean’s Office, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, with the first batch of undergraduates enrolling in 1992 and graduating in 1996.


Apart from the undergraduate programme, the Department also began offering the MA and PhD in programmes 1992. In 1999, the ISP was upgraded and expanded to become the Department of International and Strategic Studies (DISS). In that same year the Department moved to the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences’ new Annex Building.


The Department had in the past offered Postgraduate Diploma in Strategic Studies in collaboration with the Royal Malaysian Police (Polis Diraja Malaysia – PDRM). Later in 1995, the Postgraduate Diploma in Strategic Studies Programme was restructured under a new Partnership Programme between The Malaysian Armed Forces Staff College (Maktab Turus Angkatan Tentera – MTAT) and the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, with the Department spearheading it. This programme, which is offered to Malaysian and Foreign Armed Forces officers previously had 165 students registered under it, 42 of whom are foreign military officers. 


The Department also offers a Programme leading towards the Masters Degree of Strategic and Defence Studies (MSDS) which commenced in November 1999. Since then, this Programme has continued to attract both local and foreign students who wish to pursue their knowledge in the field of strategic studies and defence analysis. Students under this Programme come from various academic and professional backgrounds including politics, law, economics, humanities, military and science.


The Department also offers the following Postgraduate degrees; Master of Arts (MA) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degrees through full research. In the future the Department plans to offer Bachelor of Arts (Honors) in Strategic Studies, and Master of Arts in International Relations. The Department launched the inaugural issue of its annual publication, the Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR), in 2013.

visi misi
Organisational Chart
Organisational Chart
Academic Staff

Meet our experts - The Department of International and Strategic Studies’ outstanding academic staffs bring into the classroom their high scholarship and wide-range of real-world experience. Former diplomats, public intellectuals, political analysts, civil society activists, and cross-disciplinary experts in various fields of international and area studies share with students the full range of human endeavours to help them become future leaders. Our faculty members are also well versed in the University of Malaya’s tradition of excellence, which is characterised by critical thinking, respect for tradition and human reason, and an appreciation for life and all its endeavours. Many of our staffs have long-standing and profound relationships with industry that they share with students through internships, mentoring and professional development.  They place an extremely high value on networking and developing those connections from inside the classroom.

Names and Office Contact Details

Area of Expertise and Supervision Interest

Dr Jatswan Singh
Associate Professor
Education: BA (University of Malaya); MA (University of Malaya); MA (University of Leeds, UK); PhD (University of Leeds, UK)

Tel:+603 7967 5435
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • International Organizations
  • International Security
  • Transnational Actors
  • Human Rights
  • Comparative Politics
  • Contemporary Southeast Asia

Dr Roy Anthony Rogers
Senior Lecturer
Education: BA (University of Malaya); MSDS (University of Malaya); PhD (International Islamic University Malaysia)

Tel:+603 7967 5482/5480
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • Central Asia and Xinjiang
  • Narcotic in the Golden Triangle
  • Southeast Asia
  • Theories of International Relations
  • Development of Modern Strategy

Dr K. S. Balakrishnan
Senior Lecturer
Education: BA (National University of Malaysia); MA (Australian National University); PhD (University of Malaya)

Tel:+603 7967 5407
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • Malaysian Security and Defence
  • International Security
  • Strategic Studies
  • Defence Analysis
  • Foreign Policy
  • Malaysia-Australia Relations
  • Political Studies

Dr Helena Muhamad Varkkey
Senior Lecturer
Education: BCom (Universiti Putra Malaysia); MA (University of Sydney); PhD (University of Sydney)

Tel:+603 7967 5451
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • International Relations
  • Environmental Politics
  • Regionalisation
  • Research Methodology

Dr Khoo Ying Hooi
Senior Lecturer
Education: BA (Universiti of Malaya); MSDS (University of Malaya); PhD (Universiti Putra Malaysia)

Tel:+603 7967 5440
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • Social Movements and Protests
  • Political Participation
  • Civil Society
  • Human Rights
  • Democratisation

Dr Muhammad Danial Azman
Senior Lecturer
Education: BA (University of Malaya); MA (University of Bradford, UK); PhD (University of St. Andrews, UK)

Tel:+603 7967 5678
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • African Politics and International Relations
  • Peace and Conflict Theories
  • Discourses Analysis
  • Phenomenology of Violence in International Relations
  • Political Economy of Peacebuilding and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy
  • Transitional Justice and International Criminal Justice
  • Displacements and Refugees

Wan Sharina Wan Ahmad Amin Jaffri
Education: LLB (University of East Anglia, UK); LLM (University of Newcastle, UK);Barrister-at-Law (Lincoln’s Inn, UK)

Tel:+603 7967 5656
Fax:+603 7967 5483

  • International Trade Law
  • Public International Law
  • Human Rights
  • Evolutions of International Society
  • International Political Economy
Visiting Academic and Research Student

visiting academic

Visiting Academics
We welcome applications from academics and practitioners who wish both to contribute to and participate in the research programmes underway at the Department. It may be possible to nominate a visitor as a temporary visiting scholar, depending on seniority and the availability of space. We encourage our visitors to participate fully in the intellectual and social life of both the Department and the University. Visitors are entitled to make full use of the University's research facilities and libraries, in addition to attending seminars, lectures and other academic gatherings ordinarily closed to the general public.

Moreover, we encourage our international visitors to make contact with others in their field, both in University of Malaya and in the wider academic community in Malaysia and in the region. The Department considers the visitors to be of great importance, and makes considerable efforts to integrate visitors into its day-to-day activities. In return, we ask our visitors to involve themselves in those activities, in particular:

  • to have a clear research project to pursue while at the Department, 
  • to participate in seminars and conferences at the Department and University, and give presentations to them where appropriate, and 
  • to contribute to the Department's publication record, especially in the Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR), and ISI/Scopus cited publications.


    We expect our visitors to be fully proficient in the use of written and spoken English at an academic level so that they will be able to derive full benefits from programmes conducted by the Department, Faculty and University.

    Applications are normally made during the academic year preceding a proposed visit, but must be at least one full term in advance. An application should include the following materials:

  • A completed application form,
  • A research proposal (and plausible research plan) while attached at the Department, 
  • A detailed curriculum vitae (especially publications) 

    Please email your application documents to fass_jpas@um.edu.my Once all the above have been received, your application will then be reviewed. You will then be contacted as to whether your application has been successful. References will be requested upon acceptance to the programme- please do not send those as part of your application.

    Visiting Research Students (MPhil/PhD)

    The Department also welcomes applications from graduate students who would like to spend time at the Department in order to progress their research, gain experience by working with one of our academic staffs, meet other staff (within the Faculty) and students, and benefit from taking part in Department, Faculty and University seminars. We expect visiting research students:

  • to have a well-developed research project in the broad field of politics and international relations, in particular area of interest on Malaysia and the region,
  • to provide a clear statement (in the application) how her or his work at the Department would benefit that project, and
  • to contribute to the Department's publication record, especially in the Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR), and ISI/Scopus cited publications. 

An applicant should provide the material that we require for a visiting academic or a research student, and send it to the Department (fass_jpas@um.edu.my) who will assess suitability. Please note that students do not need to identify which academic staff they would like to work with while at the Department or within the University. The Department will decide on this and will inform the applicant of our decision. Alternatively, an applicant is welcome to contact the Department in advance at fass_jpas@um.edu.my in order to discuss their proposal and ask any questions they may have.

In assessing suitability we will take into consideration the merit of the application as well as the availability of resources at the Department at the time of the application.

Visiting research students are charged for the use of the fax machine, telephone, printer/photocopier and any postage costs. Because of the financial stringency within the University, we ask our visitors to secure their own finances prior to their application. Please note that the offer of a visiting place to undertake research does not carry with it the guarantee of financial support. You will be required to support yourself or to apply to a grant-awarding body. Should the available office space be fully occupied at the time of your proposed visit, the Department may be able to offer visitors use of a desk in our Postgraduate Room. If this is the case, further details will be provided upon application. Our experience is that visitors are usually able to include their living costs in their own research funding.

Please note that if we do not have space available in the Department, we will be unable to accept your application. 

Staying in University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The University, like many academic communities, has a limited availability of accommodation, particularly for short term visitors. Therefore, living arrangement should be made well in advance. There are two types of accommodation options for all visitors at the University of Malaya: 

On-Campus Residential College

Eleven residential colleges are located within the University (walking distance to the faculties) and two outside the University. These colleges are equipped with a cafeteria, photocopy shop, laundry, sport facilities, meeting and project rooms, study rooms, computer and printing facilities. There are two major options for residential rooms for the students:

  • Twin Sharing Rental per month (self-catered or without a meal) – RM450 (US$ 150) 
  • Triple Sharing Rental per month (self-catered or without a meal) – RM360 (US$ 120)

Off-Campus Residential College

Rental of private accommodation within 5 kilometers from the University campus as follows: 

  • A Room in a shared flat – RM450-RM650 (US$ 150 - US$ 200) 
  • An Apartment (2-3 Bedrooms) – RM2,000 - RM3,200 (US$ 625 – US$ 1,000) 

The rental of off campus can be different depending on accommodation types and may or may not include water and electricity (utility) bills, which are subject to the tenancy agreement with the landlord or owner of the property. 

Living Expenses

Living expenses depend on one's needs and lifestyles. An estimated cost of food, books, clothes, entertainment, local travel and miscellaneous per month for a single student is approximately around RM700 to RM1,000 (US$ 250- US$ 350) 

For further information (on accommodation) please contact:

International Student Centre

Level 1, Block G 
Perdanasiswa Complex 
University of Malaya 
50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 

Email: isc@um.edu.my 
Website: http://isc.um.edu.my 
Tel: +603 79677711/7718/ 
Fax: +603 79677710 

We ask that your proposed visit dates do not exceed the stated periods in your offer letter; you are welcome to request an extension to your stay once you are at the Department, but this cannot always be granted. 

For all enquiries please do not hesitate to contact the Department (fass_jpas@um.edu.my
Department of International and Strategic Studies 
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences 
University of Malaya 
50603 Kuala Lumpur 

Previous Visiting Academic

Due to the internationalisation mission of the University, each year the Department hosts some Visiting Scholars from around the world. Visiting academics generally hold a Senior Lecturer post and many of them have been foreign scholars who have recently completed their doctoral degree abroad or have outstanding previous teaching experience and their current research interests focus on Malaysian politics and international relations.

Dr. Sang Wuk Ahn (2016-20117)
Prior to joining the University of Malaya, Associate Professor Dr. Sang Wuk Ahn is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of International and Area Studies, Pukyong National University, Busan, South Korea since 2011. Before that, he was a Lecturer in International Relations at the Hanseo University in Seosan, Korea (2008-2009), and a Researcher at the Asia-Pacific Research Centre, Hanyang University in Seoul, South Korea. Dr Ahn is a recipient of Fellowship from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs in which he completed his PhD in European Economics from Paris-Sorbonne University, France. Upon graduating with First Class Honours in his first degree from the Seoul National University, he was awarded with a scholarship from the Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies in order for his to pursue his postgraduate studies. He is also affiliated with the Korean Society of Contemporary European Studies. Dr Ahn’s research on political economy of trade and regionalism between Europe and East Asia has appeared in numerous peer-review journals, including the Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Contemporary Asia Pacific Studies, and the EU Studies


 1 SyedaNaushinParnini
Dr. Syeda Naushin Parnini(2009-2014)
Born in 1973, She obtained BSc. in International Relations from University of Dhaka, Bangladesh in 1995, and MSc. in International Relations from the same University in 1997. Between 1998 and 2001, she served as an Assistant Secretary at the Ministry of Establishment, the Government of Bangladesh in Dhaka. Between 2002 and 2004, she was awarded a Fellowship Bursary from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and held a post of Teaching Assistant between 2002 and 2008 at University of Tsukuba. In 2004, she completed MA in Area Studies from Graduate School of International Political Economy, Tsukuba University, Japan. Since 2004, she is a Member of Western Social Science Association. In 2005, she was appointed as one of the Editorial Board Members for the International Journal of the Humanities. In 2006, she was appointed as the Associate Editor for the International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability. Between 2005 and 2008, she received The Monbukagakusho Scholarship from the Japanese Government and eventually completed her PhD in International Political Economy from the University of Tsukuba, Japan. Prior to joining the University of Malaya between 2009 and 2014 as the Visiting Senior Lecturer, she served as the Senior Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Establishment, The Government of Bangladesh in Dhaka.

 2 TrevorParfitt
Dr. Trevor Parfitt (2010-2012)
Trevor Parfitt is currently a Professor in the Department of Politics, History and International Relations at Nottingham University, (Malaysian campus). He has also been a Senior Visiting Research Fellow in the Department of International and Strategic Studies at the University of Malaya as well as a Reader in International Development at the University of East London and Associate Professor at The American University in Cairo. His research interests are in the broad field of International Political Economy and he has been published in journals such as Third World Quarterly, Political Studies and The Journal of International Development, as well as publishing three monographs. He obtained PhD in Politics from the University of Manchester, UK.  

 4 MMayilvaganan
Dr. M. Mayilvaganan (2009-2011)
M. Mayilvaganan is an Assistant Professor in the International Strategic and Security Studies programme at National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, India. He earned a doctorate degree in International Studies from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Prior to joining NIAS, he was a Senior Lecturer at the Department of International and Strategic Studies, University of Malaya, based at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia where he taught about South Asia in International Relations, Modern Warfare and International Politics. His past positions include Associate Fellow at the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), New Delhi (2006-2009) specialising in Sri Lanka in particular and South Asia in general; Advocacy and Communication Officer at the South Asian Research & Development Initiative (SARDI), New Delhi (Jan. 2005-Dec 2005); Research Assistant in the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (Colombo) project “Terrorism in India” at the Department of South Asian Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (Dec. 2003 to Dec. 2004); Research Associate in the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS), New Delhi (Jan. 2003 to Dec. 2003), specialising on Kashmir issues. His research interests include strategic and security issues in South Asia, China, US and Japan. He has published several articles and commentaries on a variety of topics related to South Asia. He has also participated in various international and national seminars and given lectures at various institutes, besides appearing for various print and visual media interviews.

 5 CharlesSimonAaron
Dr. Charles Simon Aaron (2009-2010)
Dr. Aaron is an African-Canadian with a strong Guyanese heritage, and a bilingual speaker of both English and French. Born in Ontario, Canada and had spent his childhood in Bristol, England. He obtained his Master of Arts in Political Science in 1988 from McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada, and received a PhD in Social and Political Thoughts in 2002 from York University, Canada. In 2008, he published his first book, Atlantic Slave Trade: Empire Enlightenment and Cult of the Unthinking Negro with Edwen Mellen Publishing Group. During his scholarly year at the Department, he dedicated himself of the teaching of Research Methodology module at the postgraduate level. Additionally he possessed a deeper understanding concerning cultural sensitivities and potential Western bias in the contemporary production of scientific knowledge productions, which has been derived from his personal intellectual convictions on Post-Colonialism, Black political movements and Trans-Atlantic slave trade which shaped modern history and comparative politics.  

Programme Learning Outcome

Learning Outcome

Programmes of Study
MA / PhD (Research Degree Programme)

Full-Research Degree (Postgraduate) Options

  • Master of Arts (MA) –specialization in International and Strategic Studies
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) –specialization in International and Strategic Studies

MA & PhD (full-research mode)

The Master of Arts (MA) and PhD programmes are multidisciplinary, experiential, and allows students to self-design their graduate studies. The programmes are designed to meet the needs of students who are seeking a broader learning forum and who appreciate the unique self-design of cross-disciplinary studies.

The Department offers research postgraduate courses leading to the Masters of Arts (MA) by research (dissertation) and PhD by research (thesis). The Department is the only one of its kinds in Malaysia, and is recognised internationally for the exceptional quality of its teaching, research and supervision in:

  • Politics and International Relations,
  • Diplomacy and the Analysis of Foreign Policy,
  • International Law, Territorial Acquisitions, Dispute Settlements and Transitional Justice, War Crime Tribunals and Genocides,
  • International Trade and International Political Economy,
  • Globalisation, Global Governance and International Political Issues,
  • Politics of Developing Countries and North-South Relations,
  • Environmental Politics, Trans-boundary Environmental Hazards, Food Security, Sustainable Development, Natural Resources and the Climate Change,
  • International History and International Organisations,
  • Non-State Actor, Civil Society and Social Movement,
  • Democratisation and Human Rights in the World Politics,
  • Comparative Politics, Political Regionalism and Area Studies; including Malaysia, Asia Pacific, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Africa, Europe and the Middle East,
  • Major Actors and World Politics; The United States, Great Britain, France, China, Russia, and as well as Brazil, India and South Africa (BRICS),
  • International Security, Strategic Studies and Defence Analysis,
  • Responsibility to Protect, Human Security and Non-traditional Security Threats,
  • Crisis Management and Conflict Resolution, and Peacebuilding, Humanitarian Interventions, Political Violence, Terrorism, Peace Studies, Nonviolence, Armed Conflicts, Civil Wars and the Changing Characters of Warfare

Applicants for MA and PhD programmes should note that the Department’s Postgraduate Committee takes account of the availability in University of Malaya of a suitable supervisor for the chosen field of research. It is sometimes necessary to reject applicants solely because there is no suitable supervisor able to accept them that year.

Consequently, applicants cannot be admitted to the research degree programme unless a suitable supervisor can be identified by the Department’s Postgraduate Committee. The Committee must agree that the applicant’s research interests are viable and are a reasonable match with a prospective supervisor’s interests and who is willing to take primary responsibility for supervising the candidate. 

It is not the primary task of applicants to determine their prospective supervisor; they may express a preference in their application, but this will not be binding on the Committee. You may check on the Department’s Academic Staff Profiles for you perusals. 

Academic Structure for MA & PhD 

The MA and PhD programmes are purely based on individual supervised research. At the end of the candidate's study, a dissertation (MA), OR a thesis (PhD) must be submitted and upon successful oral defence of the paper, the candidate will be granted MA or PhD degree. All research proposals must be approved and supervised by the Faculty. 

All applicants for MA and PhD need to upload the Research Proposal in the online application system. Please follow the ‘How to Write a Research Proposal’ from Institute of Graduate Studies, UM.

Advisably, you need to have more than a vaguely defined research topic. Your research proposal should be written as clearly and concisely as possible and should address the following questions:

  • What is your general topic and how is it located with the study of international and strategic studies?
  • What question do you want to answer?
  • What is the key literature and its limitations?
  • What are the main hypotheses you wish to explore and the argument you intend to develop?
  • What methodology do you intend to use?
  • What are your case studies, if any, and what are your case selection criteria?

The MA by research requires an original dissertation up to 60,000 words in length. As for the PhD programme, students are expected to produce an original thesis up to 100,000 words in length.

New research degree students begin as general research students. Subject to satisfactory progress based on your supervisor(s)’ recommendation and successfully completed the AXGA6100: Research Methodology (conducted by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences), you will be allowed to proceed with your master’s and doctorate’s research project.

The length of time required for the completion of the MA (by research) is between the minimum of 2 (1 year) or 3 semesters (1.5 year) and the maximum of 8 semesters (4 years). By average, most of our research students completed their MA (by research) programme in 4 semesters (2 years). Most importantly, it depends on the excellence progress of the individual candidate. 

Additionally, you are encourages to attend the Department’s postgraduate module – AOF7005 Research Methodology a training Seminar which explores the theoretical and practical problems associated with a piece of major research. Study concentrates on epistemological and theoretical issues, with special reference to the context and literature of international and strategic studies, and time is also devoted to problems arising from source materials, methodology and normative dilemmas.

All research students are also expected to attend the Department’s weekly/monthly seminars, or any Candidature Defence (CD) seminars; this is to help you familiarise with the latest research updates and other scholarly works in the field of politics and international studies. You will also have access to courses in general research methodology and writing workshops/seminars offered by the University’s Institute of Graduate Studies (IPS); this is to help you in designing a well thought out and manageable thesis.

You will also find it beneficial to check the Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR), the Department-run journal.

Entry Requirements

Students applying for the MA (by research) must obtained a bachelor’s degree with honours or equivalent, OR a bachelor’s degree with at least three years working experience.

Applicants for PhD programme must obtained a bachelor’s degree AND a master’s degree. Any other qualifications as may be approved by the Senate from time to time.

The minimum CGPA 3.0 and above is required for the application of all postgraduate programmes. The Department considers the applicant with the CGPA below 3.0 (non-honours) if only the applicant obtains their first degree from UM, or the applicant has the outstanding academic publications, or the applicant has professional working experiences in related field.

Language Requirements

The University of Malaya expects all postgraduate candidates to be proficient in the English language. All applicants must provide evidence that they can use English well enough to study effectively. Usually this mean that you have to achieve:

  • the minimum overall score of band 6.5 (academic category) of your International English Language Testing System (IELTS), OR
  •  the minimum score of 550 for the Paper-based Test (PBT), OR the minimum score of 213 for Computer-based Test (CBT), OR the minimum score of the 90 for the Internet-based test (IBT) of your Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).
  • Subsequently, the Institute of Graduate Studies does provide the in-sessional supports of mastering the Malay Language proficiency for the international students.
  • Meanwhile, the exit requirements for local and international candidates following courses and/or writing dissertation in other languages EXCEPT English, the applicant must provide evidence of a Band 5 (academic category) of his or her IELTS, OR total score of 500-549 of his or her TOEFL. 

Application Guidelines 

Applications for the research degree (MA & PhD) is along the year and there is no deadlines of submitting your online application documents. 

All Applications must be submitted online at: http://pgadmission.um.edu.my 

Firstly, please complete online application form from http://pgadmission.um.edu.my. Secondly, upload all the required supporting documents as needed.

Finally, once all the online procedures is completed, kindly go to ‘Click To Confirm Application’ button to get the complete application form. Please keep the documents for your own record.

You are not allowed to edit your online application after pressing ‘Click To Confirm Application’ button.

You may check your application status from two months after the date of you application as the following link: http://pgadmission-status.um.edu.my

Payment of Processing Fees

The University will not process applications sent without the required documents and processing fees. Cash is not acceptable and the processing fees is non-refundable.

The rate of the processing fees as follows:

  • Malaysian applicants – RM 50.00
  • International applicants - US$ 50.00

Transaction slip of the processing fee made payable by telegraphic transfer to:

  • Payee – Bursar University of Malaya
  • Bank Account – 8001279998
  • Address – CIMB Bank Berhad
    University of Malaya Branch, 50603
    Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
  • Swift Code – CIBBMYKL

Payments via credit card or cash for the processing fees are not acceptable.

The original copy of the uploaded documents will be checked upon registration for successful applicants.

Important Notice for Applicants from Iran, Iraq, China, Indonesia, Bangladesh and Pakistan. You are required to submit your processing fees (US$ 60.00) payment slip at the offshore office to confirm your online application. Please visit isc.um.edu.my, go to ‘About ISC’ and go to ‘Offshore Office’. 

Iran – iran@um.edu.my

Iraq – iraq@um.edu.my

Indonesia – indoensia@um.edu.my

China – china@um.edu.my

Bangladesh – bangladesh@um.edu.my

Pakistan – pakistan@um.edu.my

All online applications sent to University of Malaya will be automatically redirected by UM to our Offshore Office for pre-processing before being forwarded to UM for processing. Applicants are advised to arrange the transfer of processing fee and postage of documents by themselves. Should there be necessity for employing the offshore office for other than the above mentioned services, the agreement is between you and the offshore office. Thus, the University is not responsible for the fees charged.

Fees for MA (full-research mode) programme:

  • Malaysian Students – RM 7,568 (4 semesters), OR RM 9,544 (6 semesters)
  • International Students – RM 16,503 (4 semesters), OR RM 20,633 (6 semesters)

Fees for PhD programme:

  • Malaysian Students – RM 10,492 (4 semesters), OR RM 12,498 (6 semesters)
  • International Students – RM 19,395 (4 semesters), OR RM 23,145 (6 semesters)

 VISA Application (International Students)

International applicant who is offered a place to study in Malaysia is required to apply for Visa with Reference (VWR) before entering the country. Visa with Reference (VWR) is a visa issued by the Malaysian Representative Office abroad to a non-citizen enable individual(s) to enter Malaysia after the visa is approved by the Immigration Department Headquarters in Malaysia.

The VWR process will normally take between 1 and 2 months. Therefore, applicants are advised to take immediate action upon receiving the offer letter from the University. Submission of documents to apply for VWR can be done through online:


The International Student Centre (ISC) processes all visa applications. ISC also provides consultation and advisory services related to immigration issues and matters. For further information and inquiries please contact:

Visa Unit
International Student Centre
Level 2, Block G
Perdanasiswa Complex
University of Malaya
Email: visa_isc@um.edu.my
Tel: +603 79677857/7858/7859
Fax: +603 79677029

Further details regarding immigration matters, please visit: www.imi.gov.my


Tuition Fees Breakdown for First and Higher Degree

Tuition Fees may vary depending on the programme of study, types of student (either local or international), and attendance (either full-time or part-time). All students are sent a University of Malaya offer letter which states the fees payable for the specified period. A Tuition Fee Invoice is also displayed in your online (MYUM) student system.

Tuition Fees are chargeable for the academic period required by the programme, with annual amounts charged for each academic year of the programme unless otherwise stated. It is to be expected that tuition fees will rise by a modest amount in future years to take account of inflationary pressures for subsequent years for all full-time and part-time programmes.

To find out more about the detailed fees for the undergraduate programme offered by the Department: http://isc.um.edu.my/academics/undergraduate/programmes-offered

To find out more about the detailed fees for all the postgraduate programmes offered by the Department: http://ips.um.edu.my/services/finance/fees-structure

AIE4001: Practicum / Industrial Training

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the course, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Apply theoretical knowledge in real-world professional situations.
  2. Demonstrate basic interpersonal skills and professionalism suited to industry demands.
  3. Evaluate the best methods of identifying solutions based on real life scenarios.
  4. Employ technical skills for continuous information management in a particular discipline.

Synopsis of Course Contents

The course intends to expose the students to the international relations industry as means of preparing them for the working world. Students will receive practical experience from either the public or private sectors. The industrial experience is expected to motivate the students, give them opportunities to translate their theoretical knowledge into practice, and enhance their professionalism and employability potential. Continuous assessment will be given based on the students’ performance at their respective training location.

Main References

  1. Laura Cressey, Barrett Helmer and Jennifer Steffensen (eds.), (2014). Carriers in International Affairs (9th edition), Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
  2. Nina Segal and Eric Kocher, (2003). International Jobs: Where They Are and How to Get Them (6th edition). New York: Basic Books.

  3. Deirdre Martinez, (2009). Washington Internships: How to Get Them and Use Them to Launch Public Policy Career. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.

  4. Grant Reecher and Mack Mariani, (2002). The Insider Guide to Political Internships: What to Do Once You’re in In the Door, New York: Basic Books.

  5. Jamie Fedorko, (2006). The Intern Files: How to Get, Keep, and Make the Most of Your Internship, New York: Gallery Books.

  6. Eric Woodward, (2015). The Ultimate Guide to Internships: 100 Steps to get a Great Internship and Thrive in It. New York: Elworth Press.

  7. Harry Kopp, (2011). Career Diplomacy: Life and Work in the US Foreign Service (2nd edition), Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press.

 Assessment Method

Continuous Assessment: 100% (Please refer to the Student Handbook AUEA2190: Practicum)

Available Links for downloads:

Academic Session 2018/2019


Number of Student


United Nations Human Rights Commission (UNHRC), Bangkok, Thailand



Embassy of Malaysia in Ankara, Turkey



Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia (Wisma Putra), Putrajaya, Malaysia



Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), KL Branch



Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE) – International Trade



Petronas – KLCC branches, Human Resource and Global Strategic Planning



Telekom Malaysia, KL Branch - Human Resource and Public Administration



Malaysian Airport Holdings – Marketing and Strategic Relations



Selangor Administrative and state Government (SSAAS Tower), Shah Alam



AIA Malaysia – Insurance - Human Resource and Public Administration



The Learning Matchmaker, KL – Human Resource and Public Relations



MP-CJ-O Shopping Sdn. Bhd, Bangsar, KL - Human Resource and Public Relations



Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs, KL – Research on Public Policy and Politics



Pertubuhan Pembangunan Kendiri Wanita dan Gadis (WOMEN), KL – Social Advocacy





 Academic Session 2017/2018

Organisation Number of Student
1 Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE) – International Business 1
   TOTAL 1

Academic Session 2016/2017

Organisation Number of Student
1 My ASEAN Intern Fellowship - Sime Darby, Malaysia – GLC (Manufacturing and Property) 1
2 RTM, Malaysia – National Broadcasting
3 Department Custom of Malaysia - Legal Enforcement 4
4 Institute of Ethnic Studies, UKM – Research Centre 1
5 Ministry of Women, Community and Family Development, Putrajaya 1
6 ASEAN University Network (AUN) Disability and Public Policy Network 1
7 Economic Planning Unit, Terengganu – Public Administration 1
8 International Relations Unit, Royal Malaysian Police – Diplomatic Security 1
9 Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation – International Business 2
10 Sisters in Islam – Civil Society 1
11 Institute of Strategic Analysis and Research Policy, Wisma MCA – Think-Thank and Political Party 1
12 Malaysia Institute of Defence and Security – Defence Analyst 1
13 Southeast Asian Studies, Thammasat University, Thailand – Public Relations and University Networking 1
14 Group Human Capital, Maybank – Regional Financial and investment Analyst 1
15 Transferfried Sdn. Bhd. – Foreign Exchange Services 1
16 Ministry of Defence – Weaponry Transaction Unit 1
17 St. Mary Agape Missionary School – Refugees and Humanitarian 1
18 Picha Sd. Bhd. – Feeding Homeless and Underprivileged Community 1
19 All Women Action Society – Civil Society 1
20 Ministry of International Trade and Industry – Singapore Branch 1

Academic Session 2015/2016

Organisation Number of Student
1 Ministry of International Trade and Industry – KL and Pahang Branches
2 Malaysian Welfare & Humanitarian Organisation – Civil Society 2
3 National Institute of Public Administration (INTAN) – Public Administration 2
4 Petronas, Sabah Branch – GLC (Petroleum and Gas) 1
5 My ASEAN Intern Fellowship – Nestle – Thailand Branch 1
6 Embassy of Indonesia in Dubai – Public Diplomacy 1
7 District Educational Office, Kelantan – Public Administration 1
8 Amnesty International, Selangor – Civil Society and Human Rights 1
9 EMPOWER, Selangor – Civic Education and Local Community 2
10 Institute of Public Policy and Management (INPUMA), UM – Public Relations 1
11 Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation – International Business 1
12 Department of Immigration, Negeri Sembilan – Human Resource Unit 1
13 Teck Guan Holdings Sdn. Bhd. – Timber and Forestry Transaction 1

Academic Session 2014/2015

Organisation Number of Student
1 Institute of Public Policy and Management (INPUMA), UM – Public Relations
2 Human Resources, Pukyong National University, South Korea 2
3 Centre for Graduate Studies, University of Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia 2
4 International Corporate and Relations, UM – Public Relations 2
5 Lotus Cars, Proton, Malaysia – Finance Unit 1
6 Destination Investment, Perak – Printing and Publication 1
7 People’s Trust Council (MARA), Kedah – Public Administration 1
8 General Electrics, KL Sentral, Malaysia – Human Resource and MNCs 1
9 District Office, Perak – Public Administration 1

GIG1005: Social Engagement


In line with the University’s curriculum (as provided by the Centre for Initiation of Talent and industrial Training/CITRA), GIG1005: Social Engagement has been design to emphasise a holistic soft skill in academic and community outreach programme. This course intended to expose students on the imperative ideas of engagement or partnership between International and Strategic Studies’ students with individuals and organisations in the area to develop and advance the livelihood, sustainability, and economic life of the society, especially among the subaltern and underprivileged communities. At the Department of International and Strategic studies, we believe projects that address local community needs and societal problems is critical to our mission in highlighting the potential for internationally-focused experiential education that bridge students with wellbeing of the society. In return, social engagements enable International and Strategic Studies’ students to better inform about the social reality of the society and attracts wider audiences and stakeholders, in planning and conducting our pedagogical and research responsibility.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the course, students are expected to:

  1. Demonstrate the important of community engagement.
  2. Develop the ability to work in teams and with the community.
  3. Demonstrate good communication skills with the community. 

Synopsis of Course Contents

This course exposes the students on social engagement and their role as volunteers. Students need to plan their social engagement programme and will be placed at a specific location based on their programme. Students are expected to write a report and make a presentation on their experience with the society.

Main References

  1. Anne Bergeron. (2013). Magnetic: The Art and Science of Engagement. New Yok: American Alliance of Museums.
  2. Casey Klofstad (ed). (2016). New Advances in the Study of Civic Voluntarism: Resources, Engagement and Recruitment (Social Logic of Politics). Phildelphia: Temple University Press. 
  3. Laurence E. Sussman. (2017). Engagement: Building Community. London: Independently Published.
  4. Tracy McDonald, Gerald S. Eisman & Robert A. Corrigan (eds.). (2011). Social Responsibility and Sustainability: Multidisciplinary Perspectives through Service Learning. Virginia: Stylus Publishing.
  5. Lisa K Childress. (2009). The Twenty-first Century: Developing Faculty Engagement in Internationalization. New York: Peter Lang.
  6. Lina D. Dostilio (ed). (2017). The Community Engagement in Higher Education: A Competency Model for an Emerging Field. New York: Campus Compact.
  7. Catherine Elaine Trotter. (2008). Community Engagement from Concept Implementation: 8 Steps to Unlocking Your Creative Ideas. South Carolina: CreateSpace Independent

Assessment Method

Continuous Assessment: 100% (For more information, please refer to the Undergraduate Handbook/Academic Prospectus and the Centre for Initiation of Talent and Industrial Training

Community Engagement Programme Organised by the International and Strategic Studies’ students

Academic Session: 2016/2017

GIG 1005 Social Engagement-2 A1

Academic Session: 2015/2016

GIG 1005 Social Engagement-3A2

Meet Our Research Student


The Department is home to a vibrant community of postgraduate students, working on a wide variety of topics within the discipline. Find out more about our research students.



Abimbola Joseph, Owojori (Nigeria)
Email: bimboladavid@yahoo.com
PhD Thesis Title:   A Discourse of Counterterrorism in Nigerian Foreign Policy

Research Abstract: Nigeria has been faced with a great number of national security challenges almost since it attained political independence in 1960. A number of internal activities in Nigeria and some activities in other nations surrounding Nigeria have seriously posed national security challenges to the country in recent times. In this regard, mention can be conveniently made of such issues as trafficking in human and goods smuggling, transnational armed robbery operations, illicit drug trafficking etc. While Nigeria has been pursuing its national security goals using diplomatic and other flexible channels in its external relations, but then it has equally employed coercive methods or measured force when necessary. However, the most horrible challenges to the nation’s national security in recent times are the issues of transnational terrorism.

This study focuses on a number of national security issues facing Nigeria, especially arising from the impact of transnational terrorism of recent times. Therefore, the issues analysed concern the examination of the nature and dynamics of Nigeria's national security challenges and impact of transnational terrorism on the nation's foreign relations and the nation’s geopolitical peculiarities. This research, also, is an effort to evaluate Nigeria's responses to the perceived national security challenges, especially terrorism, within the context of its relations with such supranational entity as the European Union, with a view to making suggestions on how best Nigeria's national security and counter-terrorism campaign could be successful and to ensure profit in the nation's external affairs.

Supervisors: Dr Muhammad Danial Azman and Dr K. S. Balakrishnan


  • 2005 – Bachelor of Science in International Relations, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Federal Republic of Nigeria.
  • 2010 – Master of International Relations, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Federal Republic of Nigeria.


  • 2009   – Recipient of the Fellowship granted by European Union Directorate General for Education/ International Sociological Institute of Gorizia (ISIG), Gorizia, Italy: On Innovation and Creativity- New Solutions to the Problems of the New Europe.
  • 2009   – The Recipient of the Fellowship granted by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)/ European University Viadrina, Frankfurt-Oder, Germany: On Normative Power Europe?  European Political Culture in Global Politics.


Azman Ayob (Malaysia)
Email: anamza@siswa.um.edu.my, azmanbfy@yahoo.com

Research Interests:

  • India’s Myanmar Relations/Policy
  • Malaysia’s Myanmar Relations/Policy

Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr Jatswan Singh 


  • 2002 – Master of Arts (MA) in Security and Policy Analysis, National University of Malaysia (UKM).
  • 1997 – Bachelor of Human Sciences (B.Hsc. Hons.) in Political Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM).

Selected Publications:

  • “Myanmar in India's Intertwined Idealism - Realism Foreign Policy: A "Modified Structuralism" Perspective,” Journal of Management Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, Macrothink Institute, USA, 2015.
  • “Moralistic Politics Versus Realpolitik in India-Myanmar Relations,” Proceeding paper, 5th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2013), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, 11-13 December 2013.
  • “Malaysia and Myanmar Relations: Should Malaysia Take Some Extra Miles In Engaging Myanmar?,” Proceeding paper, 4th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2011), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, 6-7 December 2011.
  • “Good Civil-Military Relations in Malaysia: Contributory Factors,” Journal of Media And Information Warfare (CMIWS), Vol. 2, Uitm Press, 2010. 


  • 2015 - Fellow, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Advanced Study (JNIAS), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi, India.
  • 2009 - Fulbright Study on US Institute (SUSI) in American Politics and Political Thoughts, Massachusetts University (UMASS), Amherst, USA.

3 EzuwanHassan

Ezuwan Hassan (Malaysia)
Email: mohdezuwanh@gmail.com

MA Project Title: Malaysia’s Global Movement of the Moderates (GMM): An Analysis

Research Abstract: My research seeks to provide understanding of this new global movement mooted by Malaysia during the United Nations General Assembly in September 2010. It also seeks to provide a better understanding and definition on the term ‘moderation’ and whether Malaysia benefits from and can be regarded as a ‘middle power’ in this region with the international community’s support on GMM. It will also provide an analysis, and retrospective on the challenges faced by Malaysia since the inception of the GMM, including its effectiveness in view of the rise of extremism and terrorism regionally and worldwide. This includes the rise of the terrorist organization known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (al Sham) better known by the acronym ISIS.

Research Interest:

  • Malaysian Politics and International Relations
  • Global Moderate Movement and Normative Approach to Politics

Supervisor: Dr Helena Varkkey 


  • 2006 – Certificate in Diplomacy, Institute of Diplomacy & Foreign Relations, Malaysia
  • 2003 – Post-Graduate Diploma in Public Administration, Institute of Public Administration, Malaysia
  • 2002 – Bachelor of Human Science (Honours) Political Science & Islamic Revealed Knowledge, International Islamic University of Malaysia

Professional Experiences:

  • 2012 – Special Functions Officer (International Relations, Security & Civil Service) to the Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia.
  • 2010 – Principal Assistant Secretary, (United Nations, Commonwealth, Non-Aligned Movement & Langkawi International Dialogue), Department of Multilateral Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wisma Putra.
  • 2008-2009 – Malaysian Long Term Delegate, 63rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, New York, United States of America.
  • 2007 – First Secretary/Head of Chancery, High Commission of Malaysia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  • 2003 – Assistant Secretary, Policy Planning Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wisma Putra.

Professional Membership:

  • Advisor to President of the Commonwealth Association for Public Administration & Management (CAPAM).
  • Member of Association of Administrative and Diplomatic Service (PPTD).

5 IzniBRazak

Izni B. Razak (Malaysia)
Email: izni@iium.edu.myiz_ez@yahoo.com 

PhD Research Title: Towards ASEAN Security Community: ASEAN Counter-terrorism Efforts and its Impact on Community Building in SEA.

Research Abstract: This study seeks to describe the current status of ASEAN Security community by analyzing the extent and perception of ASEAN collective identity, which is essential for the formation of ASC. It seeks to examine the relevance of ASEAN norms codified in the ASEAN Way in community building by examining the unified threat perception, the adherence to non-interference policy and frequencies and degrees of functional cooperation of the ASEAN states in their counter-terrorism efforts.

Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr Jatswan Singh



  • Bachelor of Human Sciences in Political Sciences (First Class Honours), International Islamic University Malaysia.
  • Masters of Human Sciences in Political Sciences (First Class Honours), International Islamic University Malaysia.


  • 2002-2006 – Multiple Dean’s List Awards, awarded by Dean, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, Certificate of Excellence, 2003 awarded by Deputy Rector (Academic Affairs), IIUM.
  • 2005 – Certificate of Excellence, 2005 awarded by Deputy Rector (Academic Affairs), IIUM.
  • 2005 – SLAI Scholarship


Professional Experience:

  • Academic staff, Department of Political Science, International Islamic University Malaysia


6 JamaluddinSyakirin 

Jamaluddin Syakirin (Indonesia)

MA Research Title: Modernization of Malaysian Navy and Its Impact on Malaysia’s National Security

Research Abstract: Naval modernization is one of military development priorities in recent days. Many countries continue to focus on weapons acquisition and development programs. Programs of interest include expanding inventories of existing weapons systems and increasingly sophisticated systems. The emergent missions and roles of navies in the relative peacetime contexts have substantially modified the traditional paradigm of naval power and maritime strategy. The emergent benign roles of cooperative maritime strategy evident in joint exercises, interoperable missions, and constabulary roles in humanitarian missions have significantly complemented the still prevalent and traditional coercive and compellence missions of navies.

Navy, as a branch of armed forces entity in a sovereign state, has it owns specification in term of function. Many concentrations are given to army and air force. In spite of that, the effort of analysis on policy implementation to develop navy as an element of defence system which is modernize in recent years in Malaysia have yet been fully researched.

Malaysia’s defense modernization is broad reaching, encompassing the transformation of virtually all aspects of the military establishment, to include weapon systems, operational doctrine, institution building, and personnel reforms. However, Malaysia’s security still faces challenges that must not be neglected. The growing interconnections between domestic and international factors and interconnected traditional and non-traditional factors have made maintaining national security a more challenging task.

Supervisor: Associate Prof. Dr Jatswan Singh


2002/2009 – S.IP (BA), International Relations – Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Indonesia


2011 – JASSO Scholarship – Spring Semester Student Exchange Program, Akita International University, Japan

7 MuraliTCTVytheswaran

Murali T. C. T. Vytheswaran (Malaysia)

PhD Research TitleA Difference in Leadership Diplomacy: Malaysia-Indonesia 1962-1967 

Research Abstract: The research work is mainly about leadership diplomacy between Malaysia and Indonesia at that point of period when the cold war in Southeast Asia was at the peak and how two leaders, Tunku Abdul Rahman and Sukarno manipulated policies to keep their nation afloat. Cold War was looming in Southeast Asia and the midst of new nation states changing their destiny after being at the grab of the colonialism yoke. Early 1950s, saw young nation states were working hard to achieve their independence. Some took the rightist road, well some experienced the revolutionary environment but one or two nation could negotiate and got their way out from the western colonial grip. Nation states and the values of independency and diplomacy depended well on leadership qualities. As such during the 1960s until the end of 1970s, two nation states with same values and cultural background has created an ideal venue for being the land of proxies for the spread of cold war. Two nation states, ideally known the nations of Nusantara Melayu came head on with a diplomatic clash, when they differed and contradicted their values.

Looking at the geographical point of view, Nusantara Melayu became test ground for cold war in Southeast Asia. The whole archipelago came directly or indirectly under the influence of Super Powers. Difference in ideological sphere of influence, had an impact of the values exhibited by the leaders of the two nation states. As such nationalism became the key mantras for several nation states. President Sukarno was looking forward to exerting his influence among the Nusantara States. He was a person of historical values. In fact, he clearly stated his views, thoughts and ideological mind-set based on authentic values thus creating a notion of hegemony theories. Besides, Premier Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj believed in practicing a profound International Diplomacy. When leadership cultures, values and thoughts differed, it evolves a gargantuan impression of diplomatic wrangling. It has generated enough problems for two nation states but also paved sufficient opportunities for the super powers to exert their influence, considering the geographical factors.

Supervisors: Associate Prof. Dr Jatswan Singh and Dr Roy Anthony Rogers


  • 2002 – Master of Arts (Diplomatic History), Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • 1993 – Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Political Science and History, Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • 1983 – Certificate in Teaching (Major in Teaching English as a Second Language), Maktab Perguruan Mohd. Khalid, Johor Bahru

Selected Publications:

  • V.Murali Tharan, Konfrontasi Between Malaysia-Indonesia As An International Issue at the United Nations Security Council (Penang: USM,2002).
  • V.Murali Tharan, Malaysian Diplomacy in Southeast Asia (under publication-MPH).
  • V.Murali Tharan, Education Philosophy and Literature: A Paradigm Shift for Human Capitol (co-authored by Dr Chameline-under publication).

Selected Conferences:

  • Asas Kepimpinan Dan Perkembangan Profesional Guru (Sungai Petani, Percetakan Peladang, 2014).
  • Konfrontasi: As An International Issue At United Nations Security Council, UKM Bangi, October 2012.
  • E-Prac: A Paradigm Shift in Teacher Training Programmes, National Covention (KIK), 8-9 Ogos 2012, Bangi).
  • Recharging Human Capitol: A Paradigm Shift, Educational and Innovational Seminar, IPG Kampus Perempuan Melayu, Melaka. 5-7 May 2010.

Professional Experiences:

  • 2008-2013: Head of Unit for Philosophy of Education and Lecturer, Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia, Kampus Rajang, 96509, Bintangor, Sarawak
  • 2008-to present – Part-Time Tutor, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sibu Jaya, Sibu 
  • 2002 – Part-Time Tutor, Open University of Malaysia 
  • 2002-2008 – Part-Time Tutor, Universiti Sains Malaysia 
  • 1994-2007 – Officer of Educational Services, SMJK Sin Min, Sungai Petani, kedah 
  • 1992-1993 – Officer of Educational Services, SK Patani Para, Sg. Petani, Kedah 
  • 1990-1991 – Officer of Educational Services, SK Bukit Lintang, Kota Tinggi, Johor


Njoku Ekeledirichukwu C. (Nigeria)
Email: ekelenjoku@yahoo.comekelenjoku@siswa.um.edu.my

PhD Research Title: Drivers of Radicalisation: The case of Jama’atu Ahlus Sunnah Lidda Awati Wal Jihad (Boko Haram) in Nigeria. 

Research Abstract: The abduction of more than 270 schoolgirls in a Chibok town of Borno state – North-eastern part of Nigeria in 2014 not only sent a shock wave across the international community but it also put humanity in a mourning mood. That abominable act of terrorism and human trafficking earned Boko Haram (BH) international notoriety and raised a global media campaign – #BringBackOurGirls, a clarion call for the Nigerian Islamist militant group – to heed to the voice of humanity and release those innocent schoolgirls in their custody. Till today, with the exception of about 21 girls rescued by the Nigerian government, those girls remain in captivity.  

It is saddening to note that this horrendous crime against humanity is just one of many crimes perpetrated by BH militants against Nigeria and Nigerians since its emergence in 2009. Like any other militant group (ISIS, Taliban, Al-Shabaab, BH has become a household name not only in Nigeria but also globally. In 2015, Boko Haram killed about 5,478 people making it the second deadliest group after ISIS.  In 2014, Boko Haram was the most lethal terror organisation killing about 6,664 people. Following its decade-long war of terror against the Nigerian State and its neighbours – bombings, kidnappings, robbery, rape, killings and many more, Nigeria is now faced with huge security threat and humanitarian crisis. 

While the threat of Boko Haram and its crimes against humanity linger, the unanswered question on everyone’s lip is ‘what is driving the militant Islamist group? What is responsible for its radicalization? What transforms an individual from a non-violent,law-abiding individual into a radical person? This study is set to address this problem. Can it be religion or socio-political and economic factors or a combination of all these factors that radicalise these youths? Why do men rebel? With the help of Relative Deprivation Theory, I intend to argue that military offensives against BH cannot continue to be the only option in tackling the menace of the extremist group, hence, need for a political solution. It is important to target and mitigate some socioeconomic issues (hunger, economic inequality, social exclusion and marginalization, deprivation, insecurity, endemic corruption and many more) that propel radicalization. 

Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr. Jatswan Singh  

Research Interest: African government and Politics, International Relations and Security, Defence, Conflict resolution and Peacebuilding


  • 2015 - Master of Strategic and Defence Studies (MSDS), University of Malaya, Malaysia.
  • 2006 - Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Political Science, University of Nigeria, Nigeria.  

8 NorshelaZakariah

Norshela Zakariah (Malaysia)
Email: shela.torch@gmail.com

PhD Research Title: Narratives and Stories of the Rohingya in Klang Valley: An In-depth Study on Security Threats and its Consequences on Local Community.

Research Abstract: I have studies Psychology for my first degree but then I have switch to Political Sciences for Master’s degree. Since then, I had a keen interest in the research areas of refugee studies, security studies, and human behavior. Following the submission of my Master’s dissertation, I had the opportunity to work with UNHCR. My job involves the interviewing of illegal immigrants, investigate and report their situations, and make recommendations on whether to grant them asylum. Having gained hands-on experience with the process, I have noticed the existence of numerous loopholes within the operating procedures in UNHCR, defective procedures with the Immigration Department, and how the influx of refugees is slowly affecting Malaysia’s security in general. Therefore, my PhD thesis seeks to explore how behavior of Rohingya Refugees settled in Klang Valley imposes negative effects on Malaysian society as a whole. While humanitarian assistant is important, the need of the local population has to enjoy a clear priority

Supervisors:  Dr Helena Varkkey and Dr. Roy Anthony Rogers

2014 – International Masters in Regional Integration, Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya
2013 – Bachelor Degree in Human Sciences, Department of Psychology, International Islamic University Malaysia

2015 – Tenaga Pengajar Muda, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UITM)
2011 – NewStraitsTimes Young Writer’s Award

Professional Experiences:
2013-2014: Protection Assistant at UNHCR Kuala Lumpur 
2013: Internship with Kwah Dao- Burmese Refugees Project (NGO’s) in Mae Hong Son, Thailand 
2010-2013: Humanitarian worker, Mercy Malaysia

Professional Membership:
Reserve Officer Training Unit (ROTU) Air Force, Second Lieutenant, Malaysia


Sabah Carrim (Mauritius)
Email: sabahcarrim@gmail.com      

Ph.D Project Title: Beyond the Formula of the Trial: the Inadequacies of trying “Senior Leaders” and Individuals “Most Responsible” in Internationalised Tribunals.

Research Abstract: My thesis seeks to analyse the current formula deployed in dealing with atrocities, war crimes, perpetrators and war criminals—the trial. My focus will be primarily on the ECCC (Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia), while references to other tribunals will be made to support my arguments. My thesis has four objectives: Firstly it seeks to trace the rationale behind, as well as the repercussions of limiting the jurisdiction of such trials to “senior leaders” and individuals “most responsible”. Secondly, it analyses the inadequacies of the trial formula in terms of its truth-seeking objective, its didactic value, the repairs it promises to victims, and the level of engagement it encourages (or discourages) in terms of its outreach strategy. Thirdly, it explores the nuances and substitutes used instead of the trial, and assesses their advantages and limitations. Fourthly, it suggests that while the move towards setting up hybrid tribunals is indeed laudable from the perspective of postcolonial theory, there are many elements that bar the possibility of justice. This research is primarily qualitative, guided by Foucauldian discourse, Realist Theory and Postcolonial theory.

Supervisors: Associate Professor Dr Jatswan Singh


  • 2005 – Master of Laws, University of Malaya.
  • 2003 – LL.B (Honours) University of London.

Selected Publications:

  • CARRIM, S. (2015) Semi-Apes. Malaysia: 108 Publishing.
  • CARRIM, S. (2012) Humeirah. Malaysia: 108 Publishing.
  • CARRIM, S. “An Encounter with Nietzsche,” Pennsylvania Literary Journal, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2014, pp. 71-82.
  • CARRIM, S. “Beauty and Eroticism in Mishima's The Temple of the Golden Pavilion,” in McNamara, S. (ed.), Re(Possessing Beauty): Politics, Poetics and Change, Oxford: Interdisciplinary Press., 2014.
  • CARRIM, S. “War Crimes Tribunal in Kuala Lumpur: Judicial Biasness,” Current Law Journal, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2014, pp. 44-56.
  • CARRIM, S. “Why I write,” Journal of Creativity and Human Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, pp. 4-6.
  • CARRIM, S. “Jury Trials: From the Tossing of a Coin to the Ouija Board and now to Facebook,” Brickfields Law Review, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2012, pp. 27-30.
  • CARRIM, S. Diversifying to Unify: Using Literature and Visual Arts to Teach Law,” in: Tan, S. B (ed.) The Convergence of the Performing and Creative Arts, Malaysia: Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia Publications, 2012.

Professional Experiences:

  • 2011-2015 – Lecturer, Law, Brickfields Asia College, Malaysia
  • 2008-2010 – Lecturer, Law, KDU University College, Malaysia
  • 2006-2008 – Lecturer, Law, University of Technology, Mauritius



Sani Safiyanu (NIGERIA)                                                           
Email: sani@siswa.edu.my; ssafiyanu.pol@buk.edu.ng

PhD Thesis Title: Nigeria’s involvement in Peacekeeping Operations in Africa

Abstract: Nigeria is one of the most important players in international relations, a potential leader in Africa and one of the highest contributors to peacekeeping operations (PKO), both regionally and globally. Her peacekeeping role in the continent had a long history from the 1960s when the country got her independence. And barely ten days later it sent her troops to Congo during the country’s political crisis. Since then, Nigeria has continued to help contain conflict and maintain peace in the whole of African region by sending peacekeepers through the UN. This policy gained greater impetus from the 1970s when it emerged victorious from the thirty-month civil war and increases participation through the UN, AU and the ECOMOG and continue to send troops to Chad, Somalia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Sudan and Mali with current deployment to Gambia and outside the continent. It also involved in bilateral peacekeeping operations where it helped quenched or prostrate a coup attempt in Tanzania. The paper examines the transformation process of the Nigeria PKO within the three organisations. Despite all odd, the country has never stopped its commitments to peacekeeping in Africa.

Supervisor: Dr. Roy Anthony Rogers

9 SheilaMathivathaniArianayagam 

Sheila Mathivathani Arianayagam (Malaysia)
Email: sheila111274@yahoo.com

MA Research Title: International Human Rights Norms and the Issue of State-Induced Forced Labour in Myanmar

Research Abstract: My research is devoted to the study of human rights, an integral part of mankind’s existence in this modern world. My interest in this area led me to delve deeper into analyzing the intricacies of the subject matter following society’s shift in its perspectives regarding the rights accorded to a person. Sovereignty could no longer be used as an excuse to conduct state affairs in a manner that completely disregarded human rights.

However, the changing scenario was not without its problems. Despite its growing importance, human rights is increasingly being ignored in certain countries. Although these countries were signatories to the many laws and conventions governing human rights, the level of acceptance and implementation of these tenets remain at best minimal. Their leaders convey willingness to submit to legislations promoting human rights while concealing their actual intentions. These promises of change continued to exist as pure rhetoric. At the same time, parallel to these behavioral attitudes, there are leaders that enthusiastically embrace the principles of human rights. These leaders project a positive outlook to adapting to the new environment and are more pliable to conforming to universal norms.

In my research, I used the spiral model of human rights change to study the developments in Myanmar’s labour rights, focusing specifically on the oil and gas and tourism industries. Although the country was a signatory to the international convention on forced labour, the practise had been widely employed until recent times. My research also looked into the influence of the transnational advocacy network in compelling Myanmar to comply with the forced labour conventions it had earlier ratified. The progress achieved by this country in its efforts to eradicate forced labour was largely due to the tireless efforts of the advocacy network that closely cooperated with Myanmar’s domestic activists.

Supervisor: Associate Professor Dr Jatswan Singh


  • 2015 - Master of Arts (by research) in International and Strategic Studies, University of Malaya 
  • 2000 - Accounting and Cost and Management Accounting, Level 3, Pitman Qualifications 
  • 2000 - Third Level Group Diploma in Accounting, London Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) 
  • 1999 - Book Keeping and Accounts – Second Level, London Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) 
  • 1998 - Bachelor of Arts in International Studies, Honors, Second Class Upper, University of Malaya


  • (Co-authored), ‘Modern Slavery: State-Induced Labour in Myanmar (Burma) and Reactions from the International Community’, Malaysian Journal of International Relations, Vol. 1, December 2013


  • ‘State-Induced Forced Labour in Myanmar (Burma) and Responses from the International Community,’ 5th International Conference on Southeast Asia (ICONSEA 2013), University of Malaya

Professional Membership:

  • International Well Control Forum (IWCF).
Activity and Seminar

The Department hosts a variety of seminars, talks and activities throughout the academic year to promote scholarly works of the visiting speakers, guest lectures, distinguished diplomats, academic staffs and research students. These activities and seminars are open to the student body and the general public. Unless stated otherwise, seminars mostly take place in the Audio Visual Room, Department of International Strategic Studies, third floor of the Anjung Ilmu (Annex Building), Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya. Activities and seminars are subject to change; please contact the Department for full details, or you may follow the latest updates on the Department’s Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/IRSSUM/






 16 December  Dr. Roy Anthony Rogers


Prof. Dr. K. S. Nathan
 Reflections on 60 Years of the Malaysian-American Partnership

University of Malaya 


Malaysian Association for American Studies (MAAS)

7 December

 Mr. Anton Revutsky
Russia and Central Asia
Deputy Chief Mission, Embassy of the Russian Federation to Malaysia

29 November

Dr. Helena Varkkey


 Pak Alfajri

The Haze Problem in Southeast Asia: Palm Oil and Patronage


Riau Government Policies to Realize ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution Goals,


University of Malaya


Universitas Abdulrab, Indonesia

26 October

Ambassador Gheorge Magheru

Romanian Foreign Policy: A European Vision

Embassy of Romania in Malaysia 

10 April

Dr. Nivi Manchanda


 Dr. Paul Higate


Security Space in Afghanistan

London School of Economics and Political Science, UK


 University of Bristol, UK

24 March

Film/Documentary Shows

The Dirty Game

Embassy of Ecuador in Malaysia







4 November

Prof. Ejaz Akram


 Mr. Junaid S Ahmad

Trump, the American Presidential Elections and the Shifting Geopolitics of the 21st Century

Lahore University of Management Sciences

University of Management Technology, Lahore

1 June

Dr. Nargis Nurulla Khodzhaeva

Decolonized Interpretations of Community Culture in Central Asia 

Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow, Russia

23 May

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Carla Freeman

South China Sea: A Primer

The John Hopkins University, U.S. 

3 May

Captain J. Ashley Roach

Legal Framework and the South China Sea

U.S. Department of State. 

29 April

Ambassador Datuk Sofian Ahmad

Revisiting the Iranian Revolution, the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia

1 April

YBhg. Dato’ Abdul Majid Ahmad Khan

“From Fear to Favour”: China in Southeast Asia

Malaysia-China Friendship Association 






2 October


Ludmila Lutz. Auras 


Jens Heinrich

Russia, The EU, and the Ukraine Crisis 


Nuclear weapons and regional security in Asia



Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya 


Universitat Rostock, Germany

26 May

Datuk Dr. Rajmah Hussain

Malaysia at the United Nations

Former Malaysian Ambassador to the US

7 April

Datuk Dr. Rajmah Hussain

Career in Diplomacy

Former Malaysian Ambassador to the US 

20 Mac

Prof. Dr. John Lee

Does China Have a Grand Strategy and What Does It Look Like?

University of Sydney


Hudson Institute, Washington DC





The Department seeks to deepen scholarly understanding of politics, international relations and strategic studies; our approach is inter-disciplinary with roots in history, philosophy and social science, both statistical and interpretive. We emphasise the rigorous interaction of epistemology and methodology, with developing techniques and methods, and the highest standards of scholarship, to produce research that has impact both academically and publicly. For that, we aim to contribute to various perspectives and produces a variety of publications which promote the research of both the staff and the student body, inform interested parties of current developments and trends within the discipline, and communicate with its constituents. While you may find individual publications through the UM Expert, you will find here some of the recent publications produced by the Department, as follows


Roy Anthony Rogers, The Struggles for Human Rights in Xinjiang, Kuala Lumpur, The Other Press, 2017.

Roy Anthony Rogers and Nur Rafeeda Daut, ‘China in the First World War: Its Forgotten Army in Search of International Recognition’Contemporary Chinese Political Economy and Strategic Relations: An International Journal, Vol. 3. No. 3, 2017.

Sani Safiyanu, Roy Anthony Rogers and Muhammad Danial Azman, ‘Peacekeeping Operations Challenges and Economic Impacts: A Nigeria’s Perspective’, in Pablo Antonio and Fernadez-Sanchez (Eds.) Peacekeeping Global Perspectives, Challenges and Impacts(forthcoming), New York: Nova Science Publisher, 2017.

K. S. Balakrishnan and Helena Varkkey, ‘Straits of Malacca: Malaysia’s Threat Perception and Strategy for Maritime Security’, in Suseela Malakolunthu and Nagappan C. Rengasamy (Eds.). Policy Discourse in Malaysian Education: A Nation in the Making, London: Routledge, 2017, pp. 15-28.

K. S. Balakrishnan, ‘Globalisation and Politics of Education in Malaysia: Some Past and Contemporary Policy Issues, in Nicholas Tarling and Xin Chen (Eds.). Maritime Security in East & Southeast Asia, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, pp. 23-42.

Helena Varkkey, Local and Transboundary Haze (fourthcoming), Kuala Lumpur: Akademi Sains Malaysia, 2017. 

Helena Varkkey, ‘Politics of Fires and Haze in Southeast Asia,’ in William R. Thompson (Ed). Oxford Research Encyclopaedia of Politics, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017. 

Stephanie Evers, Catherine M. Yule, Rory Padfield, Patrick O’Reilly and Helena Varkkey, ‘Malaysian in 2016: Persistent Crises, Rapid Response and Resilience,’ Southeast Asian Affairs, 2017, pp. 203-219. 

Stephanie Evers, Catherine M. Yule, Rory Padfield, Patrick O’Reilly and Helena Varkkey, ‘Keep Wetlands Wet: The Myth of Sustainable Development of Tropical Peatlands: Implications for Policies and Management’, Global Change Biology, vol. 23, No. 2, 2017, pp. 534-549.  

Jatswan S. Sidhu, Historical Dictionary of Brunei Darussalam (3rd Edition), Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

Hassan Sheikh Ali Nur, Muhammad, Muhammad Danial Azman and Roy Anthony Rogers, ‘Before Things Fall Apart: The Role of the Soviet Union’s Somalia’s Troubled Past (1969-1978)’Intellectual Discourse, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2017, pp. 430-455.

Khoo Ying Hoi, 'Democratization of Access and Quality of Higher Education in Post-Conflict Timor Lester’, in Christopher S. Collins and Prompilai Buasuswan (Eds). Higher Education Access in the Asia Pacific, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Michelle Tye, Carmen Leong, Felix Tan and Khoo Ying Hooi, ‘Social Media for Empowerment in Social Movements: The Case of Malaysia’s Grassroots Activism’, Communications of the Association for Information Systems, Vol. 41, 2017.

Er-Win Tan, 'In Between Angry Rivals: 2017 Prospects for Middle Powers Amidst US-China Relations’IAFOR Journal of Arts & Humanities, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2017, pp. 7-14.

Roy Anthony Rogers, ‘The Evolution of Malaysia’s Foreign Policy and Its Relations with the Developing Countries and Islamic World’, in Centre for Malaysia Chinese Studies (Ed). The Complete Book of Malaysian Politics and Economics, Kuala Lumpur, Centre for Malaysian Chinese Studies, 2015.

K. S. Balakrishnan, ‘Malaysia’s Response to the China’s Challenge’, in Benedikt Seeman and Tonette de Jesus (Eds.). A Quest for Regional Solutions: Challenges & Prospects in South China Sea, Manila: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, 2016, pp. 50-56.

Alan Chong and K. S. Balakrishnan, ‘Intellectual Iconoclasm as Modernising Foreign Policy: The Case of Mahathir and Lee Kuan Yew’, The Pacific Review, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2016, pp. 238-258.

Helena Varkkey, ‘Transboundary Haze and Human Security in Southeast Asia: National and Regional Perspective’, Georgetown Journal of Asian Affairs, vol. 3, No. 1, 2017, pp. 42-49.

Khoo Ying Hooi, ‘Malaysia’s 13th General Election and the Rise of Electoral Reform Movement’, Asian Politics & Policy, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 418-435.

Khoo Ying Hooi, ‘SDG and ASEAN Community’, in Denison Jayasooria (Ed). Sustainable Development Goals & Malaysia Society: Civil Society Perspectives. Bangi: Institute Kajian Etnik UKM, 2016.

Er-Win Tan, ‘Book Review – Van Jackson’s Rival Reputations: Coercion and Credibility in US-North Korea Relations’The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2016, pp. 111-113.

Roy Anthony Rogers, ‘Political Propaganda in Its Subleties in James Bond 007 Movies’, in Mason, R., and Suchoples, J. (Eds.) Representation of War in Films and Novels, Oxford, Peter Lang, 2015, pp. 239-

Helena Varkkey, The Haze Problem in Southeast Asia: Palm Oil and Patronage, London: Routledge, 2015. 

Jorn Dosch and Jatswan S. Sidhu, 'The European Union's Myanmar Policy: Focused or Directionless?', Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, No. 2, 2015, pp. 1- 28.

Khoo Ying Hoi, 'Domestic Protests in Southeast Asia', in Dubnick, M., Bearfield, D., and Clark, K. (Eds). Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy (3rd edition), New York, Routledge, 2015, forthcoming 

Er-Win Tan, Seung Jin Kim and Gi-Seung Kim, 'Norman Angell and the Logic of Economic Interdependence Revisited: 1914, 2014', Asia Europe Journal, 2015.

Roy Anthony Rogers, ‘Xinjiang in the Aftermath of Tianmen: Prospects for Development and Challenges for the New Administration’, International Journal of China Studies, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 413-431.

Er-Win Tan, The US Versus the North Korea Nuclear Threat: Mitigating the Nuclear Security Dilemma, London: Routledge, 2014.

Khoo Ying Hooi, 'Mobilization Potential and Democratization Processes of the Bersih Movement in Malaysia: An Interview with Hishamuddin Rais', Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2014, pp.111-120.

Geetha Govindasamy, Park Chang Kyo and Er-Win Tan, 'Korea's Challenges in Multiculturalism Policy: A Perspective from Singapore', Asian Profile, Vol. 42, No. 6, 2014. 

Khoo Ying Hooi, 'Historical Accounts of the Human Rights Development in Malaysia from Independence to the Era of Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad', Asian Profile, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2014, pp. 45-56. 

Helena Varkkey, 'Natural Resource Extraction and Political Dependency: Malaysia as a Rentier State', in Meredith L Weiss (ed.), Handbook of Contemporary Malaysia, London: Routledge, Chapter 5. 2014. 

Khoo Ying Hooi, 'Malaysia's Human Rights Performance: Assessment of Its First Session of Universal Periodic Review in the United Nations Human Rights Council', Cosmopolitan Civil Societies, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2014, pp. 19-37. 

Jatswan S. Sidhu, 'Reforms in Burma: By Chance or Design?', Journal of Diplomacy & Foreign Relations, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2014, pp. 19-32.

Khoo Ying Hooi, 'Electoral Reform Movement in Malaysia: Emergence, Protest and Reform', Suvannabhumi: Multi-disciplinary Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2014, pp. 81-101.

Helena Varkkey, 'Regional Cooperation, Patronage and the ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution', International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law, and Economics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2013, pp. 65-81.

Jatswan S. Sidhu and Roy Anthony Rogers, 'China's Strategic Ambitions in the Indian Ocean Region, India's Anxiety and the United States' Concerns', BUITEMS: Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 1, 2013.

Khoo Ying Hooi and Amin Shah Iskandar, 'National Citizen's Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) in the Philippines: The Rising of the Citizen Power', Asian Profile, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 361-368. 

Euston Quah and Helena Varkkey, 'The Political Economy of Transboundary Pollution: Mitigation Forest Fires and Haze in Southeast Asia', in HayashiHana Sei (ed.) The Asian Community---Its Concepts and Prospects, Tokyo: Soho Sha, pp. 323- 358, (Japanese language)

Khoo Ying Hooi, 'The NGO-Government Relations in Malaysia: Historical Context and Contemporary Discourse', Malaysian Journal of Democracy and Election Studies, vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 76-85. 

Helena Varkkey, 'Patronage Politics and Natural Resources: A Historical Case Study of Malaysia and Singapore', Asian Profile, Vol. 41. 

Helena Varkkey, 'Malaysian Investors in the Indonesian Oil Palm Plantation Sector: Home State Facilitation and Transboundary Haze', Asia Pacific Business Review, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp.381-401 

Helena Varkkey, 'Patronage Politics, Plantation Fires and Transboundary Haze', Environmental Hazards, Vol. 53, No. 3, 2013, pp. 314-329. 

Helena Varkkey, 'Oil Palm Plantations and Transboundary Haze: Patronage Networks and Land Licensing in Indonesia’s Peatlands'. Wetlands, Vol. 33, 2013, pp. 679-690.

Helena Varkkey, 'Patronage Politics and Natural Resources: A Historical Case Study of Southeast Asia and Indonesia', Asian Profile, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2012, pp. 438-448.

K. S. Balakrishnan, 'ASEAN-India Strategic Partnership: New Developments in Malaysia's Relations with India', in Nirmala Devi and Subramanyan (eds.) India and Southeast Asia: Strategic Convergence in Twenty First Century, New Delhi: Manohar Publications, 2012. 

Er-Win Tan and Geetha Govindasamy, 'From Kim Jong II to Kim Jong Un: Nuclear Impasse or Diplomatic Opportunity?', Asia Europe Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2012, pp.301-316. 

Helena Varkkey, 'Patronage Politics as a Driver of Economic Regionalisation: The Indonesian Oil Palm Sector and Transboundary Haze', Asia Pacific Viewpoint, Vol. 53, No. 3, pp. 313-328

K S Balakrishnan, 'Military Issues in the South China Sea: The US, China and the New Cold War', Journal of Maritime Geopolitics & Culture, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-18.

Roy Anthony Rogers, 'Human Rights in Xinjiang 1978-2007: Internationalisation of the Uyghur Dilemma and China's Reaction', Journal of International Studies, Vol.7, 2011, pp. 135-156.

Jatswan S. Sidhu, Historical Dictionary of Brunei Darussalam (2nd. Ed.), Lanham: Scarecrow Press/Rowman & Littlefield, 2010.

K S Balakrishnan, Malaysia-Pakistan Relations, Journal of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2010, pp.27-43

K. S. Balakrishnan, 'International Relations in Malaysia: Theories, History, Memory, Perception and Context', International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp.107-130 

Er-Win Tan, 'North Korea’s Rocket and Nuclear Tests, 2009: A Threatening Pyongyang or an Afraid Pyongyang?', Korea Observer, Vol.40, No.3 

Sidhu, Jatswan S. Sidhu, 'Malaysia's Security and Defence since 1957: An Overview', In Abdul Razak Baginda (ed.), Malaysia's Security and Defence Since 1957, Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Strategic Research Centre, 2009, pp. 1-30.

K S Balakrishnan, 'Malaysia’s Defence Policy, Military Modernisation and National Security', in Abdul Razak Baginda (ed.), Malaysia Defence and Security Since 1957, Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Strategic research Centre. 2009, pp. 115-141


MJIR: Malaysian Journal of International Relations


The Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR) is a peer-reviewed refereed journal published annually by the Department of International and Strategic Studies, University of Malaya. The MJIR welcomes original contributions related to international relations, foreign policy, diplomacy, political science, international political economy, strategic and security studies, and related fields, to be considered for publication. In particular, the journal welcomes manuscripts with a focus on international relations in the Asia-Pacific. The content of the journal currently indexed and abstracted by Malaysia Citation Centre (MyCite), Ministry of Higher Education of Malaysia.

Print ISSN: 2289-5043
E-ISSN: 2600-8181
Publication Types: Printed and electronic

Publisher: Published by the University of Malaya Press, and on behalf of the Department of International and Strategic Studies

Publication Frequency: One time(s) per year
Language: English
Indexing: MyCite

For printed (hardcopy) subscription or single copies, the journal is priced at RM30 (domestic) or US$10 (international). Overseas price includes postage. For subscription please contact the Editor-in-Chief. Contributors will receive 2 complimentary copies of the journal in which his/her article appears.

The electronic version of the journal is available online. MJIR endorses the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The Public Knowledge Project, which has designed our journal system to improve the quality of research, is committed to supporting the open access publishing of scholarly resources. Authors are required to agree with this open access policy which enables unrestricted access and reuse of all published articles. The articles are published under the Creative Commons copyright license policy CC-BY (Open Acess Policy). 

Please make submissions to be via our online submission website. All submissions will be acknowledged by email as soon as possible after receipt. All editorial correspondence should be addressed to:


Malaysian Journal of International Relations
Department of International and Strategic Studies
University of Malaya
50603 Kuala Lumpur 
Email: editor_mjir@um.edu.my 

Website: mjir.um.edu.my

Book Prize Award


Ghazali Shafie Book Prize Award (RM120) 

The University offers a book prize award in recognition of academic achievement. All prize is gained by academic merit and, each year to students who meet set criteria which are highly competitive. 

Ghazali Shafie Book Prize is given to the best undergraduate student in the Final Examination for the Degree Bachelor of Arts in International and Strategic Studies. The Prize was established and contributed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia (Wisma Putra), in commemorating the legacy of Tun Muhammad Ghazali Bin Shafie (1922-2010), who served as a distinguished Malaysian Foreign Minister and Diplomat (1981-1984), and as a Home Minister under the administration of four Malaysian Prime Ministers, between the reigns of the late Tunku Abdul Rahman and Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. 

Upon successfully completed early education at the Raffles College in Singapore, Tun Ghazali Shafie later obtained his LLB (Honours) at the University College of Wales, and Master in International Relations the London School of Economics and Political Science. Tun Ghazali Shafie entered politics and represented the parliamentary seat of Lipis, Pahang from 1974, where he served as Home and Information Minister from (1973-1981), appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs until 1984. Apart from his outstanding legacies in the early years of Malaysian foreign policy after independence, Tun Ghazali Shafie is an eminent statesman, and as part of the Cobbold Commission, a commission of enquiry set up to determine the people of North Borneo (Sabah) and Sarawak opinions on the formation of Federation of Malaysia (1962-1963). In fact, the famous coat of Arms (Jata Negara) of Malaysia ‘Bersatu Bertambah Mutu’ (Unity is Strength) was part of his initiative when he served as the Ministry of Information (1970) back then. 

Throughout his foreign affair services, Tun Ghazali Shafie has been part of the Eminent Persons Commonwealth Group (1981) in facilitating the multiparty negotiations that lead to the democratic transition of post-Apartheid South Africa, and has been part of Commonwealth Election Observer Group for elections in the South Africa, Sri Lanka, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Bangladesh. When he officially retired from the Malaysian cabinet (from the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1984), Tun Ghazali Shafie then served in various private and international posts, including, as the directors and advisors in Landmark Holdings, MUI Finance, Rolls-Royce (Southeast Asian branch), Westmon Bank of Manila and intermega Energy of Australia. At the same time, Tun Ghazali Shafie has remained active as an Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Malay World and Civilization (ATMA), UKM (1993-1995), a Special Advisor to the Malaysian Prime Minister on matters pertaining to foreign affairs and, as a Consultant with the World Bank Economic Development Institute.

Given his outstanding legacies, he was awarded with the ‘Tun’ title, the highest civilian honour/dignitary title that can be granted to a distinguished Malaysian by Yang Di Pertuan Agung (Malaysian King) at the federal level, and there may not be more than 35 Malaysian living Tun holders at any one time. During his service with the Wisma Putra, he was known for his diplomatic role in ASEAN in respect of conflict in Cambodia. Tun Ghazali has been described as a “flamboyant politician” and nicknamed as “King Ghaz”. The late Tun Ghazali’s legacy was later published by the UKM Press, Ghazali Shafie’s Memoir on the Formation of Malaysia. 

The Department’s Book Prize Award (RM200)

The Department’s Book Prize Award is given to the best undergraduate student with the Distinction (First Class Honours). Awarded to the student with the highest CGPA of the graduation year. The award shall be made by the Senate of the University on the recommendation of the Board of Examiners for the Final Examination for the Degree Bachelor of Arts in International and Strategic Studies.

Alumni and Networking
The day you stop being a student at Department of International and Strategic Studies does not mean your connection with us has to stop too! As a member of the University's worldwide alumni community you will always be part of University of Malaya, and the Department always be here for you. 
Whether you want to trace a friend or update your details, it always pays to keep connected. To ensure the connection last forever, please register OR update your details here: http://umalumni.my/paum-clubhouse/
Additionally, please contact Dr Muhammad Danial (danial@um.edu.my), so we can update the database of our alumnus regularly. Staying connected with the University and with friends allows you to keep a part of International and strategic Studies with you, wherever you are. If you have lost touch with old friends, or have moved house and stopped receiving your alumni information, then we can help you reconnect.
Contact Us

contact 2

The Department of International and Strategic Studies welcomes visiting academics and researchers in established posts at other Universities, as well as international and local visitors and students. Find out more about Our Department, and if you have any inquiry, do not hesitate to contact us:

Tel: 603 79675480/5481
Fax: 603 79675483
Email: fass_jpas@um.edu.my
Department's Twitter: @IRUM
Department's Facebook Group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/DINSSUM/
The International Relations Society (IRSoc): umirasoc@gmail.com

Postal Address
Department of International and Strategic Studies,
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences,
The university of Malaya,
50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Head of Department
Dr Roy Anthony Rogers

Assistant Administrative Secretary for the First Degree:
Madam Nor Aishah Hamid

Postgraduate Convenor:
Dr K. S. Balakrishnan

Assistant Administrative Secretary for the Higher Degree:
Madam Zaridah Mohd Nadzir

Chief-Editor, The Malaysian Journal of International Relations (MJIR):
Associate Professor Dr Jatswan Singh

Coordinator of the Social Engagement Programme:
Madam Wan Sharina Ramlah Wan Ahmad Amin Jaffri

Coordinator of the Industrial Training Programme:
Dr Muhammad Danial Azman

Research, Publication and Consultation Committee:
Dr Helena Muhamad Varkkey

Coordinator of the Undergraduate's Academic Project:
Dr Helena Muhamad Varkkey

Department's Representative to the Examination's and Academic's Timetable Committee:
Dr Muhammad Danial Azman

Advisor of the International Relations Society (IRSoc):
Madam Wan Sharina Ramlah Wan Ahmad Amin Jaffri

Department's Representative to the Undergraduate's Handbook Programme Committee:
Dr Arina Khoo Ying Hooi

Head-Coach of the Malaya Model United Nations Society (MMUNS):
Dr Muhammad Danial Azman

Department's Representative to the Occupational Health and Safety Committee:
Dr Arina Khoo Ying Hooi

Department's Representative to the Risk Management & Quality Audit Committee:
Dr Muhammad Danial Azman

Department's Representative to the First Degree Committee:
Dr Arina Khoo Ying Hooi

Coordinator of the Department's Website:
Dr Muhammad Danial Azman

Last Update: November 21, 2017